With the growing international attention on land tenure, there evolved recognitions on how tenure of land should be governed responsibly. And in response to this, Voluntary Guidelines on Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries and Forests in the Context of National Food Security (VGGT) was developed under the Committee on Food Security (CFS) as a result of collaboration among different groups of stakeholders – governments, civil society, private sector, academe, and international organizations, held from 2009 to 2011 in 130 countries.
The VGGT is intended to provide a framework for responsible tenure governancethat supports food security, poverty alleviation, sustainable resource use and environmental protection. It sets out principles and internationally-accepted practices that may guide the review, preparation and implementation of policies and laws related to land tenure & resource governance.
The Voluntary Guidelines on Responsible Governance of Tenure address a wide range of issues on recognition, protection, and best practices on legitimate tenure rights; recognition of indigenous communities’ rights; responsible and transparent investment in agricultural lands; resolving land disputes; urban expansions; and tenure rights in the context of climate change, disasters, and conflict.
However, the Voluntary Guidelines (VGGT) does not establish binding applications nor does it replace existing laws, treaties and agreements. Nevertheless, the VGGT is another opportunity to improve the governance of land and other natural resources.
Through the partnership with Philippine Development Forum on Sustainable Rural Development, GIZ, National Convergence Initiative, FAO-Representative in the Philippines, ANGOC facilitated the preparation of three desk studies to contextualize VGGT in the Philippine setting:
- Review of Selected Land Laws and Governance of Tenure in the Philippines
- VGGT and the National Land Use Act (NLUA)
- Responsible Agricultural Investments: Philippines’ Input to CFS